What is eczema and how can it be controlled?

When dry, itchy skin develops alongside scaling and redness, it may be a condition known as eczema, or “atopic dermatitis.” This condition is often prevalent in children, but can continue through the years and become a serious problem for adults. Patients who have eczema may be diagnosed with mild eczema or even severe eczema, which can impact one’s quality of life and cause them to live daily with discomfort. When patients get a proper diagnosis of eczema from a dermatologist at Dermatology Consultants of Short Hills in Short Hills, NJ, they can then work with a professional to find ways to control their condition.

What causes eczema and can it be cured?

It is unknown why some patients develop eczema and other do not, but it appears as though there may be a genetic components, as eczema tends to run in families. However, this is not always the case, which makes it tricky to determine the source. Eczema cannot be cured, though some children who have eczema may grow out of it as they age, while others may deal with it for their entire lives. With a definitive diagnosis and a treatment plan with a professional, most patients can control their eczema to improve day-to-day dryness, itching, and discomfort.

Treatment options for eczema

The treatments for eczema vary greatly depending on the location of the eczema and the severity. Some of the more commonly recommended treatments for this condition include:

  • Topical anti-inflammatory medications (prescription steroids)
  • Maintenance of skin barrier with moisturizing creams and lotions
  • Trigger avoidance (such as fabrics and detergents)
  • Special shampoos and soaps
  • Use of a humidifier in the house to maintain moisture levels
  • Bleach baths to reduce bacteria on the skin that increases rash development

Consider dermatological assistance in controlling your eczema

At Dermatology Consultants of Short Hills, we provide Short Hills, NJ area patients with a selection of services to improve the health and beauty of their skin. We welcome patients in the community to contact the office by phone at (973) 232-6245 to request an appointment at our facility, located at 636 Morris Turnpike, Suite 2H.

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